Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)’s latest Food Price Index, which tracks monthly changes for a basket of cereals, oilseeds, dairy products, meat and sugar, was released on February 4.
The Food Price Index averaged 113.3 points in January, while the last month December’s index was 108.6 points, up from 107.5. Noticeably, the prices of cereals, sugar and oilseeds have seen a surge.
Some governments are taking drastic measures to address domestic food price hikes, although such moves entail an increase in global values as supplies for international markets are reduced. As a result, in grain prices, such as corn, have climbed to multi-year highs.
The world’s top grain consumer - China is stockpiling supplies, while Argentina has suspended sales of maize for export until Feb 28. Russia is imposing taxes on exports of wheat, barley and maize.
Rising food prices, coupled with the falling incomes worsen chronic and acute hunger, exerting an adverse influence on vulnerable households in almost all the countries, according to the World Bank.
In another statement, FAO stated that worldwide cereal harvests still reached an annual record in 2020, but warned of a plunge in stocks and signaled unexpectedly large import demands from China.
The FAO Cereal Price Index showed a sharp 7.1 percent monthly increase, led by international maize prices, which jumped by 11.2% and are now 42.3% above their January 2020 level. This is mainly attributed to substantial purchases by China and lower-than-expected production and stock estimates in the United States.
Wheat prices increased by 6.8%, by virtue of strong global demand and expectations of the falling sales in Russia when its wheat export duty doubles in March 2021.
The FAO Index of Sugar Price witnessed an 8.1% month-on-month increase. The increased global import demand was driven by poor crop prospects in the European Union, the Russian Federation and Thailand, together with drier weather conditions in South America.
The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index rose by 5.8% which is the highest level since May 2012. This was partly because palm oil production in Indonesia and Malaysia were lower than expectation, together due to prolonged strikes in Argentina, causing fewer export possibilities for soy oil.
The FAO Dairy Price Index inched up by 1.6%. The driver was China's high purchases prior to the country's upcoming New Year holiday.
The FAO Meat Price Index was up 1.0%, led by brisk global imports of poultry meat, especially from Brazil, amid avian influenza outbreaks, which hindered exports from several European countries.
FAO has revised its forecast for the 2020 grain season from 2.742 billion tonnes to 2.744 billion tonnes, with jumps in both wheat and rice production. Global coarse grain output is forecast to drop, due to low output prospects in the US and Ukraine.
According to the United Nations, China has imported an unexpectedly large amount of maize this season, which significantly affected the estimates of the world utilization and stocks.
The forecast for global cereal utilization in 2020/21 is raised from 2744 million to 2761 million tonnes. Meanwhile, the forecast for global cereal stocks is lowered from 866.4 millon tonnes to 801 million tonnes.
World cereal trade in 2020/21 is now forecast at 465.2 million tonnes, a 5.7% rise from the previous season's record high. In general, the world trade of all commonly-traded food commodities will witness a jump.
As a result of the world’s burgeoning demand for cassava import, in February 2021, Thailand re-set the price floor of exported cassava products including starch and chips.
After Tet Holiday, early winter-spring rice in the Mekong Delta is yielding a productive harvest. A lot of traders have deposited with farmers to buy rice particularly early at a high price.
Even though the amount of coffee imported to Japan has the propensity to decrease in 2020, this market still increases the coffee imports from Vietnam.
Cassava exports in the first month of the year grew very strongly, with both volume and value being more than two times the same period in 2020, mainly thanks to changes in the Chinese market.
In the first month of 2021, while exports of many agricultural products faced difficulties due to the shortage of containers, wood exports continued to grow strongly and reached over US$1 billion.